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Reparative rhabdomyogenesis in mice with DYSF mutation

Genes & Cells: Vol XIV, №4, 2019, pp: 32-39 DOI: 10.23868/201906016

Authors

O.N. Chernova, M.O. Mavlikeev, A.K. Zeynalova, A.P. Kiyasov, R.V. Deev

Dysferlinopathies are a group of muscular dystrophies with autosomalrecessive inheritance caused by mutations in DYSF gene. Dysferlin is a 237 kDa transmembrane protein responsible for reparation of the sarcolemma. It has calcium-sensitive C2 domains and after dysferlin binding with calcium ions the first one activates vesicles fusion and patch mechanism repair. There are number of knockout animal strains with dysferlin gene mutations. Bla/J mice have the ETn retrotransposon inserted in intron 4 of the DYSF gene of wild-type mice — C57Bl/6. The pathogenesis ascertainment of dysferlinopathies is important not only for revealing of physiological function of dysferlin, but its deficiency influence on reparative regeneration of skeletal muscles. In this paper the description of main pathohistological processes in skeletal muscle that take place in mice with dysferlinopathy after acute myotoxic injury is present. This article reviews quantitative evaluation of main pathomorphological processes in reparative regeneration: alteration (necrotized muscle fibers ratio), proliferation (Ki-67-positive myonuclei ratio), differentiation (mean crossectional area, percentage of centrinucleated muscle fibers, myogeninpositive nuclei ratio, slow/fast muscle fibers ratio). It was identified that dysferlin-deficient mice have increased alteration level with more necrotized muscle fibers (35,1% (29,4%; 42,9%) in Bla/J vs. 25,8% (17,9%; 37,4%) in C57Bl/6 on 2 day after alteration, p<0,05) and decreased proliferation index and myogenic differentiation (3,2% (0,06%; 6,9% of myogenin-positive nuclei in Bla/J vs. 6,3% (1,3%; 15,3%) in C57Bl/6 on 4 day after injection) by contrast to control group.

Keywords: regeneration, muscle dystrophy, dysferlin, skeletal muscle, animal models.

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